Continuing Education Activity Dental caries is a common chronic infectious, transmissible disease resulting from tooth-adherent specific bacteria, primarily Streptococci Mutans that metabolize sugars to produce acid, which over time, demineralizes the tooth structure.What is the pathophysiology of dental caries?
Dental caries is a biofilm-mediated, sugar-driven, multifactorial, dynamic disease that results in the phasic demineralization and remineralization of dental hard tissues. Caries can occur throughout life, both in primary and permanent dentitions, and can damage the tooth crown and, in later life, exposed root surfaces.How are dental caries diagnosed?
Physical:The most common method used for the physical evaluation of dental caries is the use of a dental mouth mirror and explorer. If there is a presence of a “catch” on the tooth surface along with the loss of some tooth structure, caries may be suspected.What is the prevalence of dental caries?
Dental caries is a widely prevalent disease problem globally. According to a recent survey by the global oral health data bank, the prevalence of dental caries varies in the range of 49% to 83%. Irrespective of age, dental caries negatively impact almost all age groups.